All you need to know about Assam Tea

Assam Tea


If you call yourself a tea lover, we are sure you must have tried every type of tea available in the market & would have been a fan of many. If we make a list of best teas available in the world, Assam Tea would definitely top the list. Famously known as Indian tea or Black tea, Assam Tea is known for its robust aroma, flavor & a history of more than 200 years. Nobody had imagined that Assam tea would receive such warm welcome in the tea industry in India & worldwide when British decided to produce Assam Tea in India. In fact, not many people know that Assam is the biggest tea production hub of India.

Steps involved in the production

There are majorly two to seven steps involved in the production of Assam tea, including and excluding each step gives the different flavor to the tea. Let’s have a look at the steps that are involved in the production of Assam Tea.

Step 1: Withering

This process involves wilting of the green tea leaf to reduce moisture content in the leaves & to develop the flavor component.

Step 2: Leaf Selection

The process is also known as leaf sifting which basically involves sifting of irrelevant matters like sand, metal objects, stones that couldn’t be separated during the withering process.

Step 3: Oxidation

Oxidation helps in the flavor components & browning of the leaf. The cells of the leaf are exposed to oxygen & it starts going through the chemical reaction.

Step 4: Rolling

The process of rolling shapes processes the leaf into a tighter form. This process make the leaves look like tightly rolled pellets. The tighter the leaf, more the freshness.

Step 5: Drying

Drying process increases the flavor of the tea & provides long shelf-life. This process involves roasting & firing of the leaf at a very low temperature.

Step 6: Sorting

After all the processes, the tea is segregated into four parts according to the size of the leaf-whole leaf, broken, fanning & dust & sub-divided into various grades as per the quality of each leaf.

Few Facts about Assam Tea

  • Assam tea is stronger than Darjeeling tea.
  • It is majorly seen as an important item in Irish, English & Scottish Breakfast.
  • Tea production is the main source of employment for the major population of Assam.
  • Assam tea is produced amongst the banks of Brahmaputra River. This gives a special flavor to the tea because of the rich & sandy soil.
  • After China, Assam is the second most important & famous tea producers in the world.
  • Assam Tea is majorly exported to the countries like Iran, Russia, United States, Australia & many more.
  • It is chewed as raw leaf by many tribal regions of Assam.
  • Assam produces more than 500 million kilograms of tea per year, out of which only 10% is consumed by India.

Assam tea undoubtedly provides an amazing flavor of tea to the world even though Indians were not accustomed to tea a few centuries ago. This incredible legacy of tea production has now become an indispensable part of our culture.

Posted on 5 September, 2018 | ajinkya@eyecatchers.co


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